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The Pros and Cons of Early Retirement Plan Rollovers

Stuart Cooper
Stuart Cooper is a financial advisor with  Consumers Financial Group.

Should you withdraw and reinvest your retirement plan money while you are still on the job?

 

Provided by Stuart Cooper, CRPC®, Gerran Batterberry & Michael Pozzi

 

Did you know you might be able to take some or all of the money in your 401(k), 403(b), or 457
plan and roll it over into another type of retirement account? Were you aware that you could
do this while you are still working for your current employer – without any withholding or early

withdrawal penalties?

Let’s look at how these rollovers can happen and the pros and cons of making them.

Some 401(k), 403(b), and 457 plans offer this kind of flexibility. If your plan provides this

choice, you must first pay attention to the rules.

To start, some basics. Distributions from 401(k) plans and most other employer‐sponsored
retirement plans are taxed as ordinary income, and if you take one before age 59½, a 10%
federal income tax penalty commonly applies. (The 2020 CARES Act allows some one‐time
exceptions to penalties this year.) In addition, 20% of the withdrawn amount is withheld for tax
purposes. Generally, once you reach age 72, you must begin taking required minimum

distributions.1

Now, the fine print. You may be able to take money out of your plan in your fifties or sixties,
while still working, via an in‐service non‐hardship withdrawal by arranging a direct rollover of
these assets to an Individual Retirement Account (IRA), avoid both the 10% penalty and the

20% tax withholding in the process.2

An IRA may give you a wider range of investment options than many employer‐sponsored
retirement plans. If you are dissatisfied with the range of choices your plan presents, this alone

may motivate you to make a direct rollover.3

You should certainly speak to a financial professional with the knowledge to help you
coordinate a direct rollover (also called a trustee‐to‐trustee transfer). A direct rollover moves

assets from your workplace retirement plan into an IRA without a taxable event.2

Generally, distributions from traditional IRAs must begin once you reach age 72. The money
distributed to you is taxed as ordinary income. When such distributions are taken before age
59½, they may be subject to a 10% federal income tax penalty; although, the CARES Act allows
some exceptions to these penalties in 2020. You may continue to contribute to a Traditional IRA

past age 70½ under the SECURE Act as long as you meet the earned‐income requirement.4

The criteria for making in‐service non‐hardship withdrawals can vary. Some workplace
retirement plans simply prohibit them. Others permit them when you have been on the job for
at least five years or when assets in your plan have accumulated for at least two years or you

are 100% vested in your account.2

In addition, you will want to ask your employee benefits or human resources officer some
questions. How long will a direct rollover take? Is there a dollar or percentage limit on how
much can be rolled over? Can you withdraw and roll over matching contributions as well as

your own account contributions and earnings?

Weigh the pros and cons. Who knows if your reinvested assets will perform better in an IRA
than they did in your company’s retirement plan? Only time will tell. Right now, you can put up
to $7,000 into an IRA, annually, if you are 50 or older; that pales in comparison to the $26,000
yearly contribution limit on a basic 401(k), 403(b), or 457 plan. Lastly, if your employer matches
your retirement plan contributions, getting out of the plan may mean losing future matches.5

 

 

Stuart Cooper, CRPC® may be reached at 847‐672‐1833 or [email protected]
Gerran Batterberry may be reached at 847‐672‐1291 or [email protected]

Michael Pozzi may be reached at 847‐672‐1292 or [email protected]

 

This material was prepared by MarketingPro, Inc., and does not necessarily represent the views of the presenting
party, nor their affiliates. This information has been derived from sources believed to be accurate. Please note ‐ investing
involves risk, and past performance is no guarantee of future results. The publisher is not engaged in rendering legal,
accounting or other professional services. If assistance is needed, the reader is advised to engage the services of a competent
professional. This information should not be construed as investment, tax or legal advice and may not be relied on for the
purpose of avoiding any Federal tax penalty. This is neither a solicitation nor recommendation to purchase or sell any investment
or insurance product or service and should not be relied upon as such. All indices are unmanaged and are not illustrative of any
particular investment.

 

 

Sources:
1 ‐ IRS.gov, February 20, 2020
2 ‐ DWC401k.com, May 10, 2020
3 ‐ CNBC.com, April 21, 2020
4 ‐ Investor.Vanguard.com, May 10, 2020
5 ‐ IRS.gov, November 6, 2019