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The Tops Scams of 2023

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People report scams to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) every day, and every year the FTC shares the information they collect in a data book. The online document tells a story about the top scams people report so you can spot and avoid them.

The data book tells us that people lost $10 billion to scams in 2023. That’s $1 billion more than 2022 and the highest ever in losses reported to the FTC – even though the number of reports (2.6 million) was about the same as last year. One in four people reported losing money to scams, with a median loss of $500 per person. Email was the number one contact method for scammers this year, especially when scammers pretended to be a business or government agency.

Here are other takeaways for 2023:

  • Imposter scams. Imposter scams remained the top fraud category, with reported losses of $2.7 billion. These scams include people pretending to be your bank’s fraud department, the government, a relative in distress, a well-known business, or a technical support expert.
  • Investment scams. While investment-related scams were the fourth most-reported fraud category, losses in this category grew. People reported median losses of $7.7K, which is up from $5K in 2022.
  • Social media scams. Scams starting on social media accounted for the highest total losses at $1.4 billion – an increase of 250 million from 2022. But scams that started by a phone call caused the highest per-person loss ($1,480 average loss).
  • Payment methods. How did scammers prefer that people pay? With bank transfers and payments, which accounted for the highest losses ($1.86 billion). Cryptocurrency is a close second ($1.41 billion reported in losses).
  • Losses by age. Of people who reported their age, younger adults (20-29) reported losing money more often than older adults (70+). However, when older adults lost money, they lost the most.

The following graphic gives a snapshot of scamming activity in 2023:


Want to protect yourself, your loved ones, and your communities from scams? One thing you can do is check out our blog for content on spotting and avoiding scams. If you encounter a fraud attempt, report it to Reports like yours help law enforcement take action with education and enforcement. By reporting what you see and experience, you can help protect your community.

Portions of this article have been drawn from the FTC’s website: Consumers Sentinel Network - Data Book 2023.